LIFE OP G.A.BIBALDI.
diplomatic relations between the two countries, and Italy gave way to
intoxicating joy at the thought of the coming contesl. The provinces
most held in subjection by the Croats evinced their affection for the Re
galantwmto and his Ministers, by means peculiar to the I talian character.
The cign.rs preferred by smokers were called Ca11ourini, and the cry
wasevery where raised of "Vxv.A. VBBDI," for those letters typified the
lavouritAit sentence, V itta Victo,. Emmanuele Re D'ltalia.
In the> meanwhile, France attempted a reconciliation between the hro
sulking powers, but her efforts availed nothing. Under these circum
stances, she took the part of Piedmont decidedly, and several sharp
notes w1ere interchanged, followed by that memorable address to lf.
de Hubner, on January 1,1859, which created a consternation throughout
On JB,nuary 3rd, 8th, 14th, 185!l, an order of tho day, addressed to tho
National GuardofTurin, by the Commander·in·ehief, foreboded grave eom
plicatioills. Two days later, Victor Emanuel, on opening Porlia!llent,
delivered a discourse, in which there were several signifil'ant passageJJ.
Tho DE,puties, in their reply, displayed their perfect confidence in the
king, and promised tho aid of the nation, whate¥cr C\'entualities might
arise. Austria, howe,·er, was making formidable preparations; abe had
already 84,000 men, of all arms, in Lombardo. Venetia, and \\'as
or enlarging t.he fortificationR of V crona, Man tun, Milan. and Pavia. The
Sardinizm lea¥ing the maintenance of publir order to the
National Guard, massed ita regular troops along the frontier. The
marriage of Prince nod the PrinN·ss Clotilda in the same
month, was, however, a more valuable defence than any tho country
We need not dwell on nil the c\·cnts which preeeded tho war, or the
vain efforts made by the whole diplomatic body to prevent it. Cavour
had m&Ale up his mind to fight, nnd it is possible that the Emperor of the
French was fully prepared to aid him, in spite of his pacific efforts.
Dnring the diplomatic crisis, however, It11ly was growing greatly agitated,
and manifestations took place which the reinforcement of tho Austrian
garrisons could not prevent. While the students refused to learn Ger.
man, Milan, Verona, Modena, and Pnvia, pronounced energetically
against tho foreigners, and the small prinl'es whom they held under their
thumb. At the same time, the National Society of Turin '\\·as actively
engage(l in paving the way for a revolution, by Sl'nding printed manifestos