France ; some Piedmontese workmen, who had served in the Crimea,
were working in a railway factory, but so soon as war appeared inevitable,
they all set out to rejoin the Piedmontese army.

During the delay in the commencement of hostilities, volunteers atill
flocked into Piedmont from all part. of Italy, in spite of the Austrian
attemp1te to prevent it. It was known on April 4th, that Garibaldi had
been nominated major-general ten days before, but the time ha4 not yet
arrind to break through the official reserve, and the organa of the Sar­
dinian 11l8binet continued to maintain silence u to the promotion granted
to the onergetio combatant of 1848 and 1849.

Jupiter, as the poet says, first blinds those whom he intends to destroy
In of all representations, and the warnings of France, who wu de­
termintld on defending her ally if attacked, Austria. sent in April 60,000
more men into Italy, bringing up her strength to 200,000 men, and Milan
alone had more than 5,000 Croats within its walls. A military conference
took place in AprilS, at Vienna, under the presidency of the Emperor,
and an aide-de-camp immediately set out for Italy. Piedmont prepared
with solemn calmne>ss and masculine energy to face the danger ; the
enthusiasm felt for the war in the provinces grew daily greater, and
repe&ted manifestations took place in Turin, in which the people united
the naJJ1es of France and Italy in their thanksgivings .. Rich landowners
in Lombardy made considerable offers of money for the equipment
of the Volunteers. The fine body of Chasseurs of the Alps wu
already quartered at Cossi and Saviglione, well organised, armed, and
disciplined, and going through their daily drill with the best possible
will . General Garibaldi reviewed these Volunteers, and appeared highly
pleased with their efficiency.

As events hurried forward, the English nation, imitating the French,
also began to display its sympathy with the Italian cause, and subscrip­
tions were raised in London for those poor families, whose members were
for the independence of their country.

While 800 fresh Croats were making their entrances into Milan; while
Cremona was the scene of renewed contests between the Hungarians and
Bohemian troops ; while persons of all classes were being arrested, tho
men hung, the children whipped, and the women bastinadoed, the
emigration continued more powerful than ever. The enthuaium was
general and the ardour of tho young men carried the aged along with
them. They UBembled and proceeded towards the frontier in dirisions.
Not a young man wa11 left in Parma, Modena, or Milan ; they were all
embodied in the Sardinian regiments, or in Garibaldi's legion. It ,..



by Goog[e

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